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GeForce GTS 450 1GB vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The GeForce GTS 450 1GB features a clock frequency of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5870, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 1200 MHz on this particular model. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs as well as 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTS 450 1GB 106 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 82 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5870 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 57728 MB/sec
Difference: 95872 (166%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be quite a bit (about 171%) more effective at AF than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 25056 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 42944 (171%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is a better choice, by far. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 12528 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14672 (117%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GTS 450 1GB Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 September 23, 2009
Code Name GF106 Cypress XT
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 783 MHz 850 MHz
Shader Speed 1566 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 902 MHz (3608 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 192 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 188 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57728 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25056 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12528 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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