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GeForce GTS 450 1GB vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The GeForce GTS 450 1GB features clock speeds of 783 MHz on the GPU, and 902 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 192 SPUs along with 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5870, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1200 MHz on this particular card. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTS 450 1GB 106 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 82 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 5870 should in theory perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 57728 MB/sec
Difference: 95872 (166%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be quite a bit (more or less 171%) better at AF than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 25056 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 42944 (171%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 12528 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14672 (117%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTS 450 1GB Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 September 23, 2009
Code Name GF106 Cypress XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 783 MHz 850 MHz
Memory Speed 3608 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 57728 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25056 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12528 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1170 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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