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GeForce GTS 450 1GB vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The GeForce GTS 450 1GB features a clock speed of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 192 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 5870, which features GPU clock speed of 850 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM running at 1200 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 1600(320x5) SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTS 450 1GB 106 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 82 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 5870 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 57728 MB/sec
Difference: 95872 (166%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be quite a bit (about 171%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 25056 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 42944 (171%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 will be much (about 117%) better at AA than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB, and also will be able to handle higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 12528 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14672 (117%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GTS 450 1GB Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 September 23, 2009
Code Name GF106 Cypress XT
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 783 MHz 850 MHz
Shader Speed 1566 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 902 MHz (3608 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 192 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 188 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57728 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25056 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12528 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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