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GeForce GTS 450 1GB vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The GeForce GTS 450 1GB comes with a clock speed of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 5870, which features GPU core speed of 850 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM running at 1200 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 1600(320x5) Stream Processors, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTS 450 1GB 106 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 82 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 5870 should be 166% quicker than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB overall, due to its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 57728 MB/sec
Difference: 95872 (166%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be much (more or less 171%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 25056 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 42944 (171%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 12528 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14672 (117%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GTS 450 1GB Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 September 23, 2009
Code Name GF106 Cypress XT
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 783 MHz 850 MHz
Shader Speed 1566 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 902 MHz (3608 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 192 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 188 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57728 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25056 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12528 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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