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GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti comes with core speeds of 900 MHz on the GPU, and 1026 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 192 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 24 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which comes with GPU clock speed of 625 MHz, and 512 MB of GDDR3 RAM set to run at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 116 Watts
Difference: 6 Watts (5%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the GeForce GTX 550 Ti should perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 98496 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 34944 (55%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti will be a bit (more or less 15%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti should be a lot (approximately 116%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, and should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 21600 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11600 (116%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 550 Ti Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2011 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF116 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 4104 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 116 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 98496 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 21600 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1170 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

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