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GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti comes with a core clock frequency of 900 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1026 MHz. It also makes use of a 192-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 24 Raster Operation Units.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which features GPU core speed of 625 MHz, and 512 MB of GDDR3 RAM running at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 800(160x5) Stream Processors, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 116 Watts
Difference: 6 Watts (5%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti should in theory be quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 98496 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 34944 (55%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti is a bit (more or less 15%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 550 Ti is a better choice, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 21600 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11600 (116%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 550 Ti Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2011 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF116 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 4104 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 116 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 98496 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 21600 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1170 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in one second. The number is calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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