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GeForce GT 420 vs Radeon HD 5450


Intro

The GeForce GT 420 features a clock frequency of 700 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 900 MHz. It also features a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 48 SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5450, which features clock speeds of 650 MHz on the GPU, and 800 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5450 19 Watts
GeForce GT 420 50 Watts
Difference: 31 Watts (163%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GT 420 should in theory be quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 5450 in general. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5450 12800 MB/sec
Difference: 16000 (125%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 420 is a small bit (approximately 8%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 5600 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5450 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 400 (8%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GT 420 will be a bit (more or less 8%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon HD 5450, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 2800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5450 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 200 (8%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 420

Radeon HD 5450

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 420 Radeon HD 5450
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 February 4, 2010
Code Name GF108 Cedar PRO
Memory 2048 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 700 MHz 650 MHz
Memory Speed 1800 MHz 1600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 50 watts 19 watts
Bandwidth 28800 MB/sec 12800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5600 Mtexels/sec 5200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2800 Mpixels/sec 2600 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 48 80(16x5)
Texture Mapping Units 8 8
Render Output Units 4 4
Bus Type GDDR3 DDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 585 million 292 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GT 420

Radeon HD 5450

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