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GeForce GT 420 vs Radeon HD 5450


Intro

The GeForce GT 420 features a clock frequency of 700 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 900 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 48 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 5450, which features a GPU core clock speed of 650 MHz, and 512 MB of DDR3 RAM set to run at 800 MHz through a 64-bit bus. It also is made up of 80(16x5) Stream Processors, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5450 19 Watts
GeForce GT 420 50 Watts
Difference: 31 Watts (163%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GT 420, in theory, should be a lot faster than the Radeon HD 5450 in general. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5450 12800 MB/sec
Difference: 16000 (125%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 420 should be a small bit (more or less 8%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 5600 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5450 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 400 (8%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GT 420 will be a bit (about 8%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5450, and able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GT 420 2800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5450 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 200 (8%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 420

Radeon HD 5450

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 420 Radeon HD 5450
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 February 4, 2010
Code Name GF108 Cedar PRO
Memory 2048 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 700 MHz 650 MHz
Memory Speed 1800 MHz 1600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 50 watts 19 watts
Bandwidth 28800 MB/sec 12800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5600 Mtexels/sec 5200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2800 Mpixels/sec 2600 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 48 80(16x5)
Texture Mapping Units 8 8
Render Output Units 4 4
Bus Type GDDR3 DDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 585 million 292 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GT 420

Radeon HD 5450

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