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Radeon HD 4830 1GB vs Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4830 1GB has a GPU core clock speed of 575 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR4 RAM is set to run at 900 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 640(128x5) Stream Processors, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB, which makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 RAM works at a speed of 993 MHz on this model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4830 1GB 95 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 250 Watts
Difference: 155 Watts (163%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should theoretically be much better than the Radeon HD 4830 1GB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 127104 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4830 1GB 57600 MB/sec
Difference: 69504 (121%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB will be a lot (about 172%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 4830 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 50000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4830 1GB 18400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 31600 (172%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 20000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4830 1GB 9200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 10800 (117%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4830 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4830 1GB Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Oct 21, 2008 Nov 7, 2008
Code Name RV770 LE R700
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB (x2)
Core Speed 575 MHz 625 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 1800 MHz 1986 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 95 watts 250 watts
Bandwidth 57600 MB/sec 127104 MB/sec
Texel Rate 18400 Mtexels/sec 50000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 9200 Mpixels/sec 20000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640(128x5) 800(160x5) (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40 (x2)
Render Output Units 16 16 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR4 GDDR3
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit (x2)
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 956 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge)
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4830 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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