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Radeon RX 5500 XT vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon RX 5500 XT has core speeds of 1717 MHz on the GPU, and 1750 MHz on the 8192 MB of GDDR6 memory. It features 1408 SPUs along with 88 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 590, which makes use of a 12 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 1469 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 2000 MHz on this model. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 Texture Address Units and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5500 XT 130 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 590, in theory, should be just a bit faster than the Radeon RX 5500 XT in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5500 XT 229376 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 is much (more or less 40%) more effective at AF than the Radeon RX 5500 XT. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5500 XT 151096 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 60440 (40%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5500 XT is a better choice, but not by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5500 XT 54944 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7936 (17%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5500 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5500 XT Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year December 2019 November 2018
Code Name Navi 14 XTX Polaris 30
Memory 8192 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1717 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 1750 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 130 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 229376 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 151096 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 54944 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1408 2304
Texture Mapping Units 88 144
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 12 nm
Transistors 6400 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon RX 5500 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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