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Radeon HD 4790 vs Radeon HD 5830

Intro

The Radeon HD 4790 features a core clock frequency of 600 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 800 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It features 640(128x5) SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5830, which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1000 MHz on this specific model. It features 1120(224x5) SPUs along with 56 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 5830, in theory, should be much faster than the Radeon HD 4790 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5830 128000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4790 102400 MB/sec
Difference: 25600 (25%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5830 should be a lot (more or less 133%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4790. (explain)

Radeon HD 5830 44800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 25600 (133%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5830 is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 5830 12800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 9600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 3200 (33%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4790 Radeon HD 5830
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year 2009 February 25, 2010
Code Name RV790 Cypress LE
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 800 MHz
Memory Speed 3200 MHz 4000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) (Unknown) watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 102400 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 44800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 9600 Mpixels/sec 12800 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640(128x5) 1120(224x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 56
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Transistors 959 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in one second. The number is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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