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Radeon HD 4790 vs Radeon RX 460

Intro

The Radeon HD 4790 features a clock frequency of 600 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 800 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 640(128x5) SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 460, which features a clock speed of 1090 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1750 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 14 nm design. It is made up of 896 SPUs, 56 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon RX 460 should be just a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4790 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 112000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4790 102400 MB/sec
Difference: 9600 (9%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 460 is quite a bit (more or less 218%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4790. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 61040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 41840 (218%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 460 is superior to the Radeon HD 4790, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 17440 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 9600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7840 (82%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4790

Radeon RX 460

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4790 Radeon RX 460
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year 2009 August 2016
Code Name RV790 Polaris 11
Memory 512 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 1090 MHz
Memory Speed 3200 MHz 7000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) (Unknown) watts 75 watts
Bandwidth 102400 MB/sec 112000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 61040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 9600 Mpixels/sec 17440 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640(128x5) 896
Texture Mapping Units 32 56
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 14 nm
Transistors 959 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Radeon HD 4790

Radeon RX 460

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