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Radeon HD 5970 vs Radeon RX 460


Intro

The Radeon HD 5970 features a core clock speed of 725 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1000 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It is made up of 1600 SPUs, 160 Texture Address Units, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon RX 460, which features a clock frequency of 1090 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1750 MHz. It also features a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 14 nm design. It is made up of 896 SPUs, 56 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 460 75 Watts
Radeon HD 5970 294 Watts
Difference: 219 Watts (292%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 5970 should be quite a bit faster than the Radeon RX 460 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5970 256000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 460 112000 MB/sec
Difference: 144000 (129%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5970 is much (approximately 280%) better at AF than the Radeon RX 460. (explain)

Radeon HD 5970 232000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 460 61040 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 170960 (280%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5970 should be a lot (more or less 432%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon RX 460, and also should be capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 5970 92800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 460 17440 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 75360 (432%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5970

Radeon RX 460

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5970 Radeon RX 460
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year November 2009 August 2016
Code Name Hemlock XT Polaris 11
Memory 1024 MB (x2) 4096 MB
Core Speed 725 MHz (x2) 1090 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz (x2) 7000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 294 watts 75 watts
Bandwidth 256000 MB/sec 112000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 232000 Mtexels/sec 61040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 92800 Mpixels/sec 17440 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1600 (x2) 896
Texture Mapping Units 160 (x2) 56
Render Output Units 64 (x2) 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 14 nm
Transistors 2154 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Radeon HD 5970

Radeon RX 460

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