Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 470 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTX 470 features a GPU clock speed of 607 MHz, and the 1280 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 837 MHz through a 320-bit bus. It also features 448 Stream Processors, 56 TAUs, and 40 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 650, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 1250 MHz on this specific card. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
As far as performance goes, the GeForce GTX 470 should in theory be much superior to the GeForce GTX 650 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 470 should be a small bit (approximately 0%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 470 will be a lot (more or less 43%) more effective at AA than the GeForce GTX 650, and also should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions better. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.