Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 470 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTX 470 makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 607 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 837 MHz on this particular model. It features 448 SPUs as well as 56 TAUs and 40 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all that to the GeForce GTX 650, which features a core clock speed of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 470 should in theory be a lot superior to the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 470 is a small bit (more or less 0%) better at AF than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 470 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.