Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 470 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTX 470 has a GPU core speed of 607 MHz, and the 1280 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 837 MHz through a 320-bit bus. It also features 448 SPUs, 56 TAUs, and 40 ROPs.
Compare that to the GeForce GTX 650, which comes with a core clock frequency of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The GeForce GTX 470 should in theory perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTX 650 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 470 should be a bit (approximately 0%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 470 is a better choice, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.