Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 480 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTX 480 features a GPU clock speed of 700 MHz, and the 1536 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 924 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also is made up of 480 Stream Processors, 60 Texture Address Units, and 48 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 650, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a speed of 1250 MHz on this particular model. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically, the GeForce GTX 480 should be much faster than the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 480 should be a lot (about 24%) faster with regards to AF than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 480 should be a lot (more or less 98%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce GTX 650, and should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions better. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.