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Radeon HD 4650 512MB vs Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB features a GPU core speed of 600 MHz, and the 512 MB of DDR2 memory is set to run at 500 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 320(64x5) SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 8 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 750 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 900 MHz on this specific card. It features 160 SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 31 Watts
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 55 Watts
Difference: 24 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB should in theory be quite a bit superior to the Radeon HD 4650 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 16000 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (80%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB should be quite a bit (about 220%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 6000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 13200 (220%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB will be quite a bit (more or less 60%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, and should be able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 4800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 3000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (60%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4650 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 4650 512MB Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Sep 10, 2008 February 2011
Code Name RV730 PRO Caicos
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16, AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective) 900 MHz (3600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 160
Texture Mapping Units 32 8
Render Output Units 8 4
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 55 watts 31 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 16000 MB/sec 28800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 6000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4800 Mpixels/sec 3000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in one second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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