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Radeon HD 4650 512MB vs Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB features a clock speed of 600 MHz and a DDR2 memory frequency of 500 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It features 320(64x5) SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, which comes with a clock frequency of 750 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 900 MHz. It also uses a 64-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 160 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 31 Watts
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 55 Watts
Difference: 24 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB should theoretically be quite a bit better than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 16000 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (80%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB will be a lot (more or less 220%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 6000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 13200 (220%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB will be much (more or less 60%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 4800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 3000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (60%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4650 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4650 512MB Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Sep 10, 2008 February 2011
Code Name RV730 PRO Caicos
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz
Memory Speed 1000 MHz 3600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 55 watts 31 watts
Bandwidth 16000 MB/sec 28800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 6000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4800 Mpixels/sec 3000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 160
Texture Mapping Units 32 8
Render Output Units 8 4
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Transistors 514 million 370 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16, AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. The number is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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