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Radeon HD 4650 512MB vs Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB comes with a clock frequency of 600 MHz and a DDR2 memory frequency of 500 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is made up of 320(64x5) SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 8 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, which has a core clock speed of 750 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 900 MHz. It also uses a 64-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 160 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 31 Watts
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 55 Watts
Difference: 24 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB will be 80% quicker than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 16000 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (80%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB will be a lot (more or less 220%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 6000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 13200 (220%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4650 512MB is superior to the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, by far. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 4800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 3000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (60%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4650 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 4650 512MB Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Sep 10, 2008 February 2011
Code Name RV730 PRO Caicos
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16, AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective) 900 MHz (3600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 160
Texture Mapping Units 32 8
Render Output Units 8 4
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 55 watts 31 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 16000 MB/sec 28800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 6000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4800 Mpixels/sec 3000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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