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Radeon HD 4650 512MB vs Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB comes with core speeds of 600 MHz on the GPU, and 500 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR2 RAM. It features 320(64x5) SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, which comes with a clock speed of 750 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 900 MHz. It also features a 64-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 160 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 31 Watts
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 55 Watts
Difference: 24 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB should be a lot faster than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 28800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 16000 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (80%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB will be a lot (about 220%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 6000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 13200 (220%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB is a lot (about 60%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB, and also capable of handling higher resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon HD 4650 512MB 4800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB 3000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (60%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4650 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 4650 512MB Radeon HD 6450 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Sep 10, 2008 February 2011
Code Name RV730 PRO Caicos
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16, AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective) 900 MHz (3600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 160
Texture Mapping Units 32 8
Render Output Units 8 4
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 64-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 55 watts 31 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 16000 MB/sec 28800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 6000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4800 Mpixels/sec 3000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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