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Radeon RX 580 vs Radeon RX 6650 XT

Intro

The Radeon RX 580 comes with a core clock speed of 1257 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 2000 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 14 nm design. It features 2304 SPUs, 144 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon RX 6650 XT, which features core speeds of 2055 MHz on the GPU, and 2190 MHz on the 8192 MB of GDDR6 RAM. It features 2048 SPUs along with 128 TAUs and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 176 Watts
Radeon RX 580 185 Watts
Difference: 9 Watts (5%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon RX 6650 XT is 10% quicker than the Radeon RX 580 in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 287072 MB/sec
Radeon RX 580 262144 MB/sec
Difference: 24928 (10%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT is a lot (about 45%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon RX 580. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 263040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 580 181008 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 82032 (45%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT should be quite a bit (about 227%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon RX 580, and capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 131520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 580 40224 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 91296 (227%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 580

Amazon.com

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Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

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Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 580 Radeon RX 6650 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year April 2017 May 2022
Code Name Polaris 20 Navi 23
Memory 8192 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1257 MHz 2055 MHz
Memory Speed 8000 MHz 4380 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 185 watts 176 watts
Bandwidth 262144 MB/sec 287072 MB/sec
Texel Rate 181008 Mtexels/sec 263040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 40224 Mpixels/sec 131520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2304 2048
Texture Mapping Units 144 128
Render Output Units 32 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 14 nm 7 nm
Transistors 5700 million 11060 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 580

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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