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GeForce GTX 580 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB


Intro

The GeForce GTX 580 comes with core clock speeds of 772 MHz on the GPU, and 1002 MHz on the 1536 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 48 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which comes with a core clock speed of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 993 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 244 Watts
Difference: 134 Watts (122%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the GeForce GTX 580 will be 203% faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 192384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 128832 (203%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 will be much (about 98%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 49408 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 24408 (98%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 will be much (approximately 271%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, and will be capable of handling higher resolutions better. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 37056 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 27056 (271%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 580

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year November 2010 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF110 RV770 PRO
Memory 1536 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 772 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 64 40
Render Output Units 48 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 3000 million 956 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 580

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

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