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GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 vs Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 has core speeds of 550 MHz on the GPU, and 850 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 96 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB, which comes with a clock frequency of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 993 MHz. It also features a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 70 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 250 Watts
Difference: 180 Watts (257%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB should in theory be much better than the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 127104 MB/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 54400 MB/sec
Difference: 72704 (134%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be much (more or less 184%) faster with regards to AF than the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 50000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 17600 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 32400 (184%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be a lot (more or less 355%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5, and able to handle higher resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 20000 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 4400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 15600 (355%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 240 GDDR5

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year Novermber 2009 Nov 7, 2008
Code Name GT215 R700
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge)
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB (x2)
Core Speed 550 MHz 625 MHz (x2)
Shader Speed 1360 MHz (N/A) MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 850 MHz (3400 MHz effective) 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective) (x2)
Unified Shaders 96 800(160x5) (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40 (x2)
Render Output Units 8 16 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit (x2)
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 70 watts 250 watts
Shader Model 4.1 4.1
Bandwidth 54400 MB/sec 127104 MB/sec
Texel Rate 17600 Mtexels/sec 50000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4400 Mpixels/sec 20000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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