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GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 vs Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 has a GPU clock speed of 550 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 850 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 96 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB, which comes with GPU core speed of 625 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR3 RAM set to run at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 800(160x5) Stream Processors, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 70 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 250 Watts
Difference: 180 Watts (257%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB should in theory be a lot superior to the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 127104 MB/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 54400 MB/sec
Difference: 72704 (134%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB is quite a bit (about 184%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 50000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 17600 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 32400 (184%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be much (more or less 355%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce GT 240 GDDR5, and also will be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 20000 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 4400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 15600 (355%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 240 GDDR5

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GT 240 GDDR5 Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year Novermber 2009 Nov 7, 2008
Code Name GT215 R700
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge)
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB (x2)
Core Speed 550 MHz 625 MHz (x2)
Shader Speed 1360 MHz (N/A) MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 850 MHz (3400 MHz effective) 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective) (x2)
Unified Shaders 96 800(160x5) (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40 (x2)
Render Output Units 8 16 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit (x2)
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 70 watts 250 watts
Shader Model 4.1 4.1
Bandwidth 54400 MB/sec 127104 MB/sec
Texel Rate 17600 Mtexels/sec 50000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4400 Mpixels/sec 20000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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