Compare any two graphics cards:
Radeon HD 4670 1GB vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe Radeon HD 4670 1GB has a GPU core speed of 750 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR4/GDDR3/DDR3/DDR2 RAM runs at 1100 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 320(64x5) SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 8 Raster Operation Units.
Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5450, which comes with core speeds of 650 MHz on the GPU, and 800 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR3 memory. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 4670 1GB should theoretically be a lot better than the Radeon HD 5450 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 4670 1GB will be much (approximately 362%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe Radeon HD 4670 1GB should be quite a bit (about 131%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 5450, and will be able to handle higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.