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Radeon R9 290 vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290 has a GPU clock speed of 800 MHz, and the 4096 MB of GDDR5 RAM is set to run at 1250 MHz through a 512-bit bus. It also is made up of 2560 Stream Processors, 160 TAUs, and 64 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which uses a 7 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1375 MHz. The GDDR6 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 14000 MHz on this specific model. It features 2304 SPUs as well as 144 TAUs and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
Radeon R9 290 300 Watts
Difference: 140 Watts (88%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon RX 5600 XT should theoretically be a bit superior to the Radeon R9 290 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
Radeon R9 290 320000 MB/sec
Difference: 24064 (8%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT will be a lot (more or less 55%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon R9 290. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290 128000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 70000 (55%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT is much (approximately 72%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon R9 290, and should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290 Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year November 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii PRO Navi 10 XLE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 28000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 128000 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2304
Texture Mapping Units 160 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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