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GeForce GTX 1080 vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The GeForce GTX 1080 makes use of a 16 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 1607 MHz. The GDDR5X memory works at a speed of 1251 MHz on this model. It features 2560 SPUs as well as 160 TAUs and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which features GPU clock speed of 1375 MHz, and 6144 MB of GDDR6 RAM running at 1500 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is made up of 2304 SPUs, 144 Texture Address Units, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
GeForce GTX 1080 180 Watts
Difference: 20 Watts (13%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon RX 5600 XT should theoretically be just a bit superior to the GeForce GTX 1080 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 1080 327680 MB/sec
Difference: 16384 (5%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 is much (about 30%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon RX 5600 XT. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 257120 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 59120 (30%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 will be just a bit (about 17%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon RX 5600 XT, and will be capable of handling higher screen resolutions more effectively. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 102848 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14848 (17%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 1080 Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2016 January 2020
Code Name GP104-400 Navi 10 XLE
Memory 8192 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 1607 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 10008 MHz 3000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 180 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 327680 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 257120 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 102848 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2304
Texture Mapping Units 160 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5X GDDR6
Bus Width 256-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 16 nm 7 nm
Transistors 7200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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