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Radeon RX 5600 vs Radeon RX 580

Intro

The Radeon RX 5600 has a GPU core speed of 1375 MHz, and the 6144 MB of GDDR6 RAM is set to run at 12000 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is made up of 2048 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 64 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 580, which comes with a core clock frequency of 1257 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 2000 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 14 nm design. It is made up of 2304 SPUs, 144 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 150 Watts
Radeon RX 580 185 Watts
Difference: 35 Watts (23%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon RX 5600 should be 13% quicker than the Radeon RX 580 in general, due to its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 294912 MB/sec
Radeon RX 580 262144 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (13%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 580 will be a bit (more or less 3%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5600. (explain)

Radeon RX 580 181008 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 176000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 5008 (3%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 580 40224 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 47776 (119%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 580

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5600 Radeon RX 580
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year January 2020 April 2017
Code Name Navi 10 XE Polaris 20
Memory 6144 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1375 MHz 1257 MHz
Memory Speed 12000 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 150 watts 185 watts
Bandwidth 294912 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 176000 Mtexels/sec 181008 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 88000 Mpixels/sec 40224 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2048 2304
Texture Mapping Units 128 144
Render Output Units 64 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 14 nm
Transistors 10300 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. The number is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 580

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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