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Geforce GTX 770 vs Radeon HD 7870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 770 comes with a GPU core clock speed of 1046 MHz, and the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1753 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 1536 SPUs, 128 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 7870, which makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 1200 MHz on this particular model. It features 1280 SPUs along with 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7870 175 Watts
Geforce GTX 770 230 Watts
Difference: 55 Watts (31%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Geforce GTX 770 should theoretically be quite a bit better than the Radeon HD 7870 overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 224384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 70784 (46%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 770 will be quite a bit (about 67%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 133888 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 53888 (67%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 770 is a better choice, not by a very large margin though. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 33472 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1472 (5%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Geforce GTX 770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 770 Radeon HD 7870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 March 2012
Code Name GK104 Pitcairn XT
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1046 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 7012 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 230 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 224384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 133888 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 33472 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1536 1280
Texture Mapping Units 128 80
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 3540 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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