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Geforce GTX 770 vs Radeon HD 7870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 770 comes with a core clock frequency of 1046 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1753 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 1536 SPUs, 128 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 7870, which comes with core speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 1280 SPUs as well as 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7870 175 Watts
Geforce GTX 770 230 Watts
Difference: 55 Watts (31%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Geforce GTX 770 will be 46% quicker than the Radeon HD 7870 overall, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 224384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 70784 (46%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 770 should be a lot (about 67%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 133888 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 53888 (67%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 770 is superior to the Radeon HD 7870, but only just. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 33472 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1472 (5%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 770 Radeon HD 7870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 March 2012
Code Name GK104 Pitcairn XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1046 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 1046 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1753 MHz (7012 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 1536 1280
Texture Mapping Units 128 80
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 230 watts 175 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 224384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 133888 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 33472 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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