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Geforce GTX 770 vs Radeon HD 7870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 770 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 1046 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1753 MHz on this card. It features 1536 SPUs along with 128 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 7870, which comes with a GPU core clock speed of 1000 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory running at 1200 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 1280 SPUs, 80 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7870 175 Watts
Geforce GTX 770 230 Watts
Difference: 55 Watts (31%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Geforce GTX 770 should theoretically be quite a bit better than the Radeon HD 7870 overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 224384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 70784 (46%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 770 is quite a bit (approximately 67%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 133888 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 53888 (67%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 770 will be a small bit (approximately 5%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 7870, and will be capable of handling higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 33472 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1472 (5%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 770 Radeon HD 7870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 March 2012
Code Name GK104 Pitcairn XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1046 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 1046 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1753 MHz (7012 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 1536 1280
Texture Mapping Units 128 80
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 230 watts 175 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 224384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 133888 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 33472 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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