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Compare any two graphics cards:
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Geforce GTX 770 vs Radeon HD 7870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 770 has a clock frequency of 1046 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1753 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 1536 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 7870, which has a clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1200 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 1280 SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7870 175 Watts
Geforce GTX 770 230 Watts
Difference: 55 Watts (31%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Geforce GTX 770 should in theory perform a lot faster than the Radeon HD 7870 overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 224384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 70784 (46%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 770 should be much (more or less 67%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 7870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 133888 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 53888 (67%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 770 is a better choice, not by a very large margin though. (explain)

Geforce GTX 770 33472 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1472 (5%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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Geforce GTX 770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 770 Radeon HD 7870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 March 2012
Code Name GK104 Pitcairn XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1046 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 1046 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 7012 MHz 4800 MHz
Unified Shaders 1536 1280
Texture Mapping Units 128 80
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 230 watts 175 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 224384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 133888 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 33472 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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