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Radeon HD 7790 vs Radeon HD 7850

Intro

The Radeon HD 7790 comes with a GPU core speed of 1000 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 1500 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 896 Stream Processors, 56 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 7850, which makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 860 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a speed of 1200 MHz on this model. It features 1024 SPUs along with 64 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7790 85 Watts
Radeon HD 7850 130 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (53%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 7850 will be 60% faster than the Radeon HD 7790 overall, due to its higher bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7790 96000 MB/sec
Difference: 57600 (60%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7790 is just a bit (about 2%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 7850. (explain)

Radeon HD 7790 56000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7850 55040 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 960 (2%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7850 will be a lot (about 72%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 7790, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 27520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7790 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11520 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 7790

Radeon HD 7850

Specifications

Display Specifications

Hide Specifications

Model Radeon HD 7790 Radeon HD 7850
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year March 2013 March 2012
Code Name Bonaire XT Pitcairn Pro
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 860 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 85 watts 130 watts
Bandwidth 96000 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 56000 Mtexels/sec 55040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 27520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 896 1024
Texture Mapping Units 56 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2080 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Radeon HD 7790

Radeon HD 7850

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