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Radeon HD 7790 vs Radeon HD 7850

Intro

The Radeon HD 7790 makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 1500 MHz on this card. It features 896 SPUs as well as 56 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 7850, which features a GPU core clock speed of 860 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM set to run at 1200 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 1024 SPUs, 64 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7790 85 Watts
Radeon HD 7850 130 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (53%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 7850 should in theory be a lot better than the Radeon HD 7790 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7790 96000 MB/sec
Difference: 57600 (60%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7790 is a little bit (about 2%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 7850. (explain)

Radeon HD 7790 56000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7850 55040 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 960 (2%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 7850 is superior to the Radeon HD 7790, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 27520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7790 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11520 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 7790

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7790 Radeon HD 7850
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year March 2013 March 2012
Code Name Bonaire XT Pitcairn Pro
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 860 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 85 watts 130 watts
Bandwidth 96000 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 56000 Mtexels/sec 55040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 27520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 896 1024
Texture Mapping Units 56 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2080 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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