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Radeon HD 7790 vs Radeon HD 7850

Intro

The Radeon HD 7790 comes with a clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1500 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 896 SPUs, 56 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 7850, which features a clock speed of 860 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1200 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 1024 SPUs, 64 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7790 85 Watts
Radeon HD 7850 130 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (53%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 7850 should be 60% quicker than the Radeon HD 7790 in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7790 96000 MB/sec
Difference: 57600 (60%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7790 will be just a bit (more or less 2%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 7850. (explain)

Radeon HD 7790 56000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7850 55040 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 960 (2%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7850 should be much (approximately 72%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 7790, and should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 27520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7790 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11520 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 7790

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7790 Radeon HD 7850
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year March 2013 March 2012
Code Name Bonaire XT Pitcairn Pro
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 860 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 85 watts 130 watts
Bandwidth 96000 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 56000 Mtexels/sec 55040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 27520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 896 1024
Texture Mapping Units 56 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2080 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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