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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 features a core clock speed of 863 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1502 MHz. It also uses a 384-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 2304 SPUs, 192 TAUs, and 48 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5870, which features core speeds of 850 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 62 Watts (33%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Geforce GTX 780 should be 88% faster than the Radeon HD 5870 in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 134784 (88%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is much (more or less 144%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 97696 (144%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 780 is superior to the Radeon HD 5870, by far. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14224 (52%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Geforce GTX 780

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 September 23, 2009
Code Name GK110 Cypress XT
Memory 3072 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 850 MHz
Memory Speed 6008 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2304 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 7080 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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