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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 features a clock frequency of 863 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1502 MHz. It also uses a 384-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 2304 SPUs, 192 TAUs, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5870, which comes with a clock speed of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1200 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs, 80 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 62 Watts (33%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Geforce GTX 780 should be quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 5870 in general. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 134784 (88%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 will be much (about 144%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 97696 (144%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 780 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14224 (52%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 September 23, 2009
Code Name GK110 Cypress XT
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 3072 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 850 MHz
Shader Speed 863 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1502 MHz (6008 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 2304 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 188 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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