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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 863 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1502 MHz on this model. It features 2304 SPUs along with 192 TAUs and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5870, which features clock speeds of 850 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 62 Watts (33%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Geforce GTX 780 is 88% faster than the Radeon HD 5870 in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 134784 (88%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is quite a bit (approximately 144%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 97696 (144%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 will be much (about 52%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5870, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions better. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14224 (52%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Radeon HD 5870

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 September 23, 2009
Code Name GK110 Cypress XT
Memory 3072 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 850 MHz
Memory Speed 6008 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2304 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 7080 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Geforce GTX 780

Radeon HD 5870

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