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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon HD 5870


Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 comes with a GPU core speed of 863 MHz, and the 3072 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1502 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also is made up of 2304 SPUs, 192 Texture Address Units, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5870, which has core clock speeds of 850 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs as well as 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 62 Watts (33%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Geforce GTX 780 should be much faster than the Radeon HD 5870 overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 134784 (88%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is quite a bit (more or less 144%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 97696 (144%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is much (about 52%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 5870, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14224 (52%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Radeon HD 5870

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 September 23, 2009
Code Name GK110 Cypress XT
Memory 3072 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 850 MHz
Memory Speed 6008 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2304 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 7080 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Geforce GTX 780

Radeon HD 5870

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