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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 863 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1502 MHz on this particular card. It features 2304 SPUs along with 192 Texture Address Units and 48 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5870, which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 1200 MHz on this particular card. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 62 Watts (33%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Geforce GTX 780 should perform much faster than the Radeon HD 5870 overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 134784 (88%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is much (approximately 144%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 97696 (144%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 780 is a better choice, by far. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14224 (52%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 September 23, 2009
Code Name GK110 Cypress XT
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 3072 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 850 MHz
Shader Speed 863 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1502 MHz (6008 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 2304 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 188 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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