Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 features a clock frequency of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Compare all of that to the GeForce GTX 650, which comes with a core clock speed of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
As far as performance goes, the GeForce GTX 650 should theoretically be much better than the GeForce GTS 450 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be a lot (about 35%) more effective at AF than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is superior to the GeForce GTS 450, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.