Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 features a GPU clock speed of 783 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 902 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 192 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Compare those specs to the GeForce GTX 650, which features clock speeds of 1058 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 650 should in theory be quite a bit superior to the GeForce GTS 450 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 is much (more or less 35%) faster with regards to AF than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is a better choice, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.