Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 comes with clock speeds of 783 MHz on the GPU, and 902 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 192 SPUs as well as 32 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 650, which has a core clock frequency of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the GeForce GTX 650 should be 39% quicker than the GeForce GTS 450 in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 should be much (more or less 35%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 should be a lot (about 35%) faster with regards to AA than the GeForce GTS 450, and should be able to handle higher screen resolutions more effectively. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.