Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 has a clock speed of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 192 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
Compare all of that to the GeForce GTX 650, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 1250 MHz on this particular model. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically, the GeForce GTX 650 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTS 450 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be a lot (about 35%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be quite a bit (approximately 35%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the GeForce GTS 450, and also will be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.