Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 features a core clock speed of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 902 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.
Compare all that to the GeForce GTX 650, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 1250 MHz on this specific model. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The GeForce GTX 650, in theory, should perform a lot faster than the GeForce GTS 450 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 is quite a bit (more or less 35%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 is much (more or less 35%) more effective at AA than the GeForce GTS 450, and will be able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.