Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 has a clock speed of 783 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 902 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 650, which features a core clock frequency of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 650 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTS 450 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 is quite a bit (about 35%) faster with regards to AF than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 is quite a bit (approximately 35%) faster with regards to AA than the GeForce GTS 450, and capable of handling higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.