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GeForce 8500 GT vs GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Intro

The GeForce 8500 GT uses a 80 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 450 MHz. The DDR2 RAM runs at a speed of 400 MHz on this specific model. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 Texture Address Units and 4 ROPs.

Compare all that to the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, which features a core clock frequency of 900 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 1782 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8500 GT 45 Watts
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Difference: 20 Watts (44%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 should theoretically be quite a bit better than the GeForce 8500 GT overall. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 12800 MB/sec
Difference: 44224 (346%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 should be much (about 700%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce 8500 GT. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 3600 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 25200 (700%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 1800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 12600 (700%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8500 GT

Amazon.com

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8500 GT GeForce GT 640 DDR3
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year April 2007 June 2012
Code Name G86 GK107
Fab Process 80 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI, PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 512 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 450 MHz 900 MHz
Shader Speed 900 MHz 900 MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 1782 MHz (3564 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 384
Texture Mapping Units 8 32
Render Output Units 4 16
Bus Type DDR2 DDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 11.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 45 watts 65 watts
Shader Model 4.0 5.0
Bandwidth 12800 MB/sec 57024 MB/sec
Texel Rate 3600 Mtexels/sec 28800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 1800 Mpixels/sec 14400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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