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GeForce 8500 GT vs GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Intro

The GeForce 8500 GT makes use of a 80 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 450 MHz. The DDR2 RAM is set to run at a speed of 400 MHz on this particular model. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, which has a clock speed of 900 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 1782 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8500 GT 45 Watts
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Difference: 20 Watts (44%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 should be quite a bit faster than the GeForce 8500 GT overall. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 12800 MB/sec
Difference: 44224 (346%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 will be much (more or less 700%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce 8500 GT. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 3600 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 25200 (700%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 is a lot (more or less 700%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the GeForce 8500 GT, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8500 GT 1800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 12600 (700%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce 8500 GT

Amazon.com

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce 8500 GT GeForce GT 640 DDR3
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year April 2007 June 2012
Code Name G86 GK107
Memory 512 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 450 MHz 900 MHz
Memory Speed 800 MHz 3564 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 45 watts 65 watts
Bandwidth 12800 MB/sec 57024 MB/sec
Texel Rate 3600 Mtexels/sec 28800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 1800 Mpixels/sec 14400 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 16 384
Texture Mapping Units 8 32
Render Output Units 4 16
Bus Type DDR2 DDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 80 nm 28 nm
Transistors 210 million 1300 million
Bus PCIe x16, PCI, PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 11.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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