Compare any two graphics cards:
Radeon HD 4670 1GB vs Radeon HD 7770
IntroThe Radeon HD 4670 1GB comes with a GPU core clock speed of 750 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR4/GDDR3/DDR3/DDR2 memory runs at 1100 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 320(64x5) Stream Processors, 32 TAUs, and 8 Raster Operation Units.
Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 7770, which comes with core speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1125 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 640 SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 7770 should in theory be quite a bit superior to the Radeon HD 4670 1GB in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 7770 is a lot (about 67%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 4670 1GB. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon HD 7770 is superior to the Radeon HD 4670 1GB, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.