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Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7770


Intro

The Radeon HD 5870 makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1200 MHz on this specific model. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs as well as 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 7770, which features core speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1125 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 640 SPUs as well as 40 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 108 Watts (135%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 5870 should in theory be a lot superior to the Radeon HD 7770 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 81600 (113%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be much (about 70%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 28000 (70%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 is quite a bit (about 70%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 7770, and also able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11200 (70%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5870

Radeon HD 7770

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5870 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 23, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Cypress XT Cape Verde XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 188 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 153600 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 68000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 27200 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1600(320x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2154 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Radeon HD 5870

Radeon HD 7770

Comments

One Response to “Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7770”
Kyle Kelley says:

This shit makes no sense at all. Please explain.

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