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Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 5870 makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a speed of 1200 MHz on this specific card. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 7770, which comes with a core clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1125 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 640 SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Difference: 108 Watts (135%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5870 should be quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 81600 (113%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 is quite a bit (more or less 70%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 28000 (70%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 will be much (more or less 70%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 7770, and will be able to handle higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11200 (70%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5870 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 23, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Cypress XT Cape Verde XT
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective) 1125 MHz (4500 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 1600(320x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 188 watts 80 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 153600 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 68000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 27200 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Comments

One Response to “Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7770”
Kyle Kelley says:
This shit makes no sense at all. Please explain.

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