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Radeon HD 4650 512MB vs Radeon HD 7750

Intro

The Radeon HD 4650 512MB comes with a core clock speed of 600 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 500 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It features 320(64x5) SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 8 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 7750, which features GPU core speed of 800 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory running at 1125 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also features 512 Stream Processors, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Both cards have the same power consumption.

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 7750 should be 350% quicker than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB in general, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 7750 72000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 16000 MB/sec
Difference: 56000 (350%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7750 is much (approximately 33%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB. (explain)

Radeon HD 7750 25600 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6400 (33%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7750 will be much (approximately 167%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4650 512MB, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 7750 12800 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4650 512MB 4800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 8000 (167%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4650 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7750

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4650 512MB Radeon HD 7750
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Sep 10, 2008 February 2012
Code Name RV730 PRO Cape Verde Pro
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 800 MHz
Memory Speed 1000 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 55 watts 55 watts
Bandwidth 16000 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 25600 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4800 Mpixels/sec 12800 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 32
Render Output Units 8 16
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Transistors 514 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16, AGP 8x PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

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