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Radeon RX 5500 XT vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon RX 5500 XT features a clock speed of 1717 MHz and a GDDR6 memory frequency of 1750 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 7 nm design. It is made up of 1408 SPUs, 88 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon RX 590, which uses a 12 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1469 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 2000 MHz on this particular card. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5500 XT 130 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 590 should theoretically perform a bit faster than the Radeon RX 5500 XT in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5500 XT 229376 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 will be a lot (about 40%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5500 XT. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5500 XT 151096 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 60440 (40%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5500 XT is the winner, but not by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5500 XT 54944 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7936 (17%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5500 XT

Amazon.com

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Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

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Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5500 XT Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year December 2019 November 2018
Code Name Navi 14 XTX Polaris 30
Memory 8192 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1717 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 1750 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 130 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 229376 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 151096 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 54944 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1408 2304
Texture Mapping Units 88 144
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 12 nm
Transistors 6400 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 5500 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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