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Radeon HD 7970 vs Radeon RX 6650 XT

Intro

The Radeon HD 7970 features a core clock speed of 925 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1375 MHz. It also makes use of a 384-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 2048 SPUs, 128 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 6650 XT, which makes use of a 7 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 2055 MHz. The GDDR6 memory runs at a frequency of 2190 MHz on this specific card. It features 2048 SPUs as well as 128 Texture Address Units and 64 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 176 Watts
Radeon HD 7970 250 Watts
Difference: 74 Watts (42%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 6650 XT, in theory, should be a bit faster than the Radeon HD 7970 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 287072 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7970 264000 MB/sec
Difference: 23072 (9%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT is quite a bit (more or less 122%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7970. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 263040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7970 118400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 144640 (122%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 6650 XT is a better choice, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 131520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7970 29600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 101920 (344%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 7970

Amazon.com

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Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

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Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7970 Radeon RX 6650 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year January 2012 May 2022
Code Name Tahiti XT Navi 23
Memory 3072 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 925 MHz 2055 MHz
Memory Speed 5500 MHz 4380 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 176 watts
Bandwidth 264000 MB/sec 287072 MB/sec
Texel Rate 118400 Mtexels/sec 263040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 29600 Mpixels/sec 131520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2048 2048
Texture Mapping Units 128 128
Render Output Units 32 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 384-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 4313 million 11060 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 7970

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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