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Radeon HD 7990 vs Radeon RX 6650 XT

Intro

The Radeon HD 7990 features a GPU core clock speed of 950 MHz, and the 3072 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1500 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also is comprised of 2048 Stream Processors, 128 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 6650 XT, which features a GPU core clock speed of 2055 MHz, and 8192 MB of GDDR6 RAM running at 2190 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also features 2048 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 64 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 176 Watts
Radeon HD 7990 375 Watts
Difference: 199 Watts (113%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 7990 should be much faster than the Radeon RX 6650 XT in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 7990 576000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 6650 XT 287072 MB/sec
Difference: 288928 (101%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT should be a bit (about 8%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 7990. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 263040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7990 243200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 19840 (8%)

Pixel Rate

If running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon RX 6650 XT is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 131520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7990 60800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 70720 (116%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 7990

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7990 Radeon RX 6650 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year April 2013 May 2022
Code Name Malta Navi 23
Memory 3072 MB (x2) 8192 MB
Core Speed 950 MHz (x2) 2055 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz (x2) 4380 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 375 watts 176 watts
Bandwidth 576000 MB/sec 287072 MB/sec
Texel Rate 243200 Mtexels/sec 263040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 60800 Mpixels/sec 131520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2048 (x2) 2048
Texture Mapping Units 128 (x2) 128
Render Output Units 32 (x2) 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 384-bit (x2) 128-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 4313 million 11060 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon HD 7990

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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