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Radeon R9 290 vs Radeon RX 6650 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290 uses a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 memory is set to run at a speed of 1250 MHz on this specific card. It features 2560 SPUs along with 160 TAUs and 64 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 6650 XT, which makes use of a 7 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 2055 MHz. The GDDR6 memory is set to run at a speed of 2190 MHz on this particular card. It features 2048 SPUs along with 128 Texture Address Units and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 176 Watts
Radeon R9 290 300 Watts
Difference: 124 Watts (70%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R9 290 should theoretically perform just a bit faster than the Radeon RX 6650 XT in general. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 320000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 6650 XT 287072 MB/sec
Difference: 32928 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT is much (about 106%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon R9 290. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 263040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290 128000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 135040 (106%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 6650 XT will be a lot (approximately 157%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the Radeon R9 290, and also able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon RX 6650 XT 131520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 80320 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290 Radeon RX 6650 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year November 2013 May 2022
Code Name Hawaii PRO Navi 23
Memory 4096 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 2055 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 4380 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 176 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 287072 MB/sec
Texel Rate 128000 Mtexels/sec 263040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 131520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2048
Texture Mapping Units 160 128
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 11060 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6650 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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