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Radeon HD 5830 vs Radeon RX 6500 XT

Intro

The Radeon HD 5830 uses a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a speed of 1000 MHz on this card. It features 1120(224x5) SPUs as well as 56 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 6500 XT, which comes with a core clock frequency of 2200 MHz and a GDDR6 memory speed of 2250 MHz. It also features a 64-bit memory bus, and uses a 6 nm design. It is made up of 1024 SPUs, 64 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 6500 XT 107 Watts
Radeon HD 5830 175 Watts
Difference: 68 Watts (64%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon RX 6500 XT should in theory be a little bit better than the Radeon HD 5830 in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 6500 XT 147456 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5830 128000 MB/sec
Difference: 19456 (15%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 6500 XT should be quite a bit (about 214%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5830. (explain)

Radeon RX 6500 XT 140800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 44800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 96000 (214%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon RX 6500 XT is superior to the Radeon HD 5830, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon RX 6500 XT 70400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 12800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 57600 (450%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

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Radeon RX 6500 XT

Amazon.com

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Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5830 Radeon RX 6500 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year February 25, 2010 January 2022
Code Name Cypress LE Navi 24 XT
Memory 1024 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 2200 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz 4500 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 175 watts 107 watts
Bandwidth 128000 MB/sec 147456 MB/sec
Texel Rate 44800 Mtexels/sec 140800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12800 Mpixels/sec 70400 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1120(224x5) 1024
Texture Mapping Units 56 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 256-bit 64-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 6 nm
Transistors 2154 million 5400 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 4.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 6500 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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