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GeForce GTX 1080 vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The GeForce GTX 1080 uses a 16 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 1607 MHz. The GDDR5X RAM works at a frequency of 1251 MHz on this specific model. It features 2560 SPUs along with 160 Texture Address Units and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which features a clock frequency of 1375 MHz and a GDDR6 memory frequency of 1500 MHz. It also makes use of a 192-bit bus, and uses a 7 nm design. It features 2304 SPUs, 144 Texture Address Units, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
GeForce GTX 1080 180 Watts
Difference: 20 Watts (13%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon RX 5600 XT is 5% quicker than the GeForce GTX 1080 overall, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 1080 327680 MB/sec
Difference: 16384 (5%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 will be quite a bit (more or less 30%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5600 XT. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 257120 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 59120 (30%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 should be a small bit (approximately 17%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon RX 5600 XT, and will be able to handle higher screen resolutions better. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 102848 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14848 (17%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 1080 Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2016 January 2020
Code Name GP104-400 Navi 10 XLE
Memory 8192 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 1607 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 10008 MHz 3000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 180 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 327680 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 257120 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 102848 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2304
Texture Mapping Units 160 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5X GDDR6
Bus Width 256-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 16 nm 7 nm
Transistors 7200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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