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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X features a core clock speed of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 512-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 2816 SPUs, 176 TAUs, and 64 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon RX 5600, which comes with a GPU core clock speed of 1375 MHz, and 6144 MB of GDDR6 RAM set to run at 1500 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is comprised of 2048 Stream Processors, 128 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 150 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 150 Watts (100%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon R9 290X will be 9% faster than the Radeon RX 5600 in general, due to its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5600 294912 MB/sec
Difference: 25088 (9%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 should be quite a bit (about 25%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 176000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 35200 (25%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 150 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 294912 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 176000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2048
Texture Mapping Units 176 128
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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