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GeForce GTX 580 3GB vs GeForce GTX 590


Intro

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this model. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 Texture Address Units and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 590, which features a core clock frequency of 607 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 855 MHz. It also features a 384-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 512 SPUs, 64 Texture Address Units, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
GeForce GTX 590 365 Watts
Difference: 121 Watts (50%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 590 will be 71% quicker than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB overall, because of its higher data rate. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 328320 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
Difference: 135936 (71%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 590 will be much (more or less 57%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 77696 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 28288 (57%)

Pixel Rate

If running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 590 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 58272 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 21216 (57%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

GeForce GTX 590

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 3GB GeForce GTX 590
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year November 2010 March 2011
Code Name GF110 GF110
Memory 3072 MB 1536 MB (x2)
Core Speed 772 MHz 607 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 3420 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 365 watts
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 328320 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 77696 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 58272 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 512 (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 64 64 (x2)
Render Output Units 48 48 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 384-bit (x2)
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 3000 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

GeForce GTX 590

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