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GeForce GTX 580 3GB vs GeForce GTX 590


Intro

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB comes with a GPU clock speed of 772 MHz, and the 3072 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1002 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also features 512 SPUs, 64 Texture Address Units, and 48 ROPs.

Compare that to the GeForce GTX 590, which features a core clock frequency of 607 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 855 MHz. It also makes use of a 384-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 512 SPUs, 64 TAUs, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
GeForce GTX 590 365 Watts
Difference: 121 Watts (50%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 590 should theoretically be much superior to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 328320 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
Difference: 135936 (71%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 590 should be much (approximately 57%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 77696 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 28288 (57%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 590 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 58272 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 21216 (57%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

GeForce GTX 590

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 3GB GeForce GTX 590
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year November 2010 March 2011
Code Name GF110 GF110
Memory 3072 MB 1536 MB (x2)
Core Speed 772 MHz 607 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 3420 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 365 watts
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 328320 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 77696 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 58272 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 512 (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 64 64 (x2)
Render Output Units 48 48 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 384-bit (x2)
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 3000 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

GeForce GTX 590

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