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Compare any two graphics cards:

GeForce GTX 580 3GB vs GeForce GTX 590


The GeForce GTX 580 3GB makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this card. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 TAUs and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the GeForce GTX 590, which uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 607 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 855 MHz on this particular model. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
GeForce GTX 590 365 Watts
Difference: 121 Watts (50%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the GeForce GTX 590 should perform much faster than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 328320 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
Difference: 135936 (71%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 590 will be much (approximately 57%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 77696 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 28288 (57%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 590 will be quite a bit (more or less 57%) faster with regards to AA than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, and will be capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 58272 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 21216 (57%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 580 3GB

GeForce GTX 590

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.


Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 3GB GeForce GTX 590
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year November 2010 March 2011
Code Name GF110 GF110
Memory 3072 MB 1536 MB (x2)
Core Speed 772 MHz 607 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 3420 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 365 watts
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 328320 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 77696 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 58272 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 512 (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 64 64 (x2)
Render Output Units 48 48 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 384-bit (x2)
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 3000 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.


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