Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 580 3GB vs GeForce GTX 590
IntroThe GeForce GTX 580 3GB uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this specific model. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare those specs to the GeForce GTX 590, which makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 607 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a speed of 855 MHz on this particular card. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 48 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 590 is 71% quicker than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB overall, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 590 will be a lot (more or less 57%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 590 is quite a bit (approximately 57%) better at FSAA than the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.