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GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti has a GPU core speed of 900 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1026 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is comprised of 192 Stream Processors, 32 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, which makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR4 memory works at a frequency of 993 MHz on this specific card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 1GB 110 Watts
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 116 Watts
Difference: 6 Watts (5%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the GeForce GTX 550 Ti should be a lot faster than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 98496 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 34944 (55%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti should be a bit (more or less 15%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 550 Ti is superior to the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, by far. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 21600 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11600 (116%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GTX 550 Ti Radeon HD 4850 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2011 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF116 RV770 PRO
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Shader Speed 1800 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1026 MHz (4104 MHz effective) 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR4
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 116 watts 110 watts
Shader Model 5.0 4.1
Bandwidth 98496 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 21600 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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