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GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti features a core clock frequency of 900 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1026 MHz. It also uses a 192-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, which comes with a core clock speed of 625 MHz and a GDDR4 memory frequency of 993 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 1GB 110 Watts
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 116 Watts
Difference: 6 Watts (5%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 550 Ti should in theory be a lot better than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 98496 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 34944 (55%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti will be a little bit (approximately 15%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti will be quite a bit (more or less 116%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, and capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 21600 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 11600 (116%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 550 Ti Radeon HD 4850 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2011 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF116 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 4104 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 116 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 98496 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 21600 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR4
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1170 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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