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GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4870 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 900 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 1026 MHz on this card. It features 192 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 24 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4870 512MB, which features a GPU core clock speed of 750 MHz, and 512 MB of GDDR5 memory running at 900 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 116 Watts
Radeon HD 4870 512MB 150 Watts
Difference: 34 Watts (29%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4870 512MB should in theory perform just a bit faster than the GeForce GTX 550 Ti overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 512MB 115200 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 98496 MB/sec
Difference: 16704 (17%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4870 512MB is a small bit (more or less 4%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 550 Ti. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 512MB 30000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 550 Ti 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1200 (4%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 550 Ti is much (about 80%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4870 512MB, and also should be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

GeForce GTX 550 Ti 21600 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4870 512MB 12000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 9600 (80%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Radeon HD 4870 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 550 Ti Radeon HD 4870 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2011 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GF116 RV770 XT
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 750 MHz
Memory Speed 4104 MHz 3600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 116 watts 150 watts
Bandwidth 98496 MB/sec 115200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 30000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 21600 Mpixels/sec 12000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1170 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 550 Ti

Radeon HD 4870 512MB

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