Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 550 Ti vs Radeon HD 4870 512MB
IntroThe GeForce GTX 550 Ti features a GPU core clock speed of 900 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM is set to run at 1026 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is made up of 192 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.
Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4870 512MB, which has a core clock speed of 750 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 900 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The Radeon HD 4870 512MB should theoretically perform a bit faster than the GeForce GTX 550 Ti overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 4870 512MB should be a little bit (approximately 4%) more effective at AF than the GeForce GTX 550 Ti. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 550 Ti will be much (about 80%) better at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4870 512MB, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.