Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTS 450 vs GeForce GTX 460
IntroThe GeForce GTS 450 features clock speeds of 783 MHz on the GPU, and 902 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 192 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 460, which has a core clock frequency of 675 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 900 MHz. It also uses a 192-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 336 SPUs, 56 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The GeForce GTX 460 should in theory perform much faster than the GeForce GTS 450 in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 460 should be a lot (approximately 51%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTS 450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 460 will be much (approximately 29%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce GTS 450, and also capable of handling higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.