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GeForce GTS 450 1GB vs Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTS 450 1GB comes with a GPU core clock speed of 783 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM is set to run at 902 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 192 Stream Processors, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB, which comes with a clock speed of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 993 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTS 450 1GB 106 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 250 Watts
Difference: 144 Watts (136%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should in theory be quite a bit superior to the GeForce GTS 450 1GB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 127104 MB/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 57728 MB/sec
Difference: 69376 (120%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB will be quite a bit (about 100%) better at AF than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 50000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 25056 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 24944 (100%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB is quite a bit (about 60%) more effective at FSAA than the GeForce GTS 450 1GB, and should be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 20000 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTS 450 1GB 12528 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7472 (60%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTS 450 1GB Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2010 Nov 7, 2008
Code Name GF106 R700
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB (x2)
Core Speed 783 MHz 625 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 3608 MHz 1986 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 250 watts
Bandwidth 57728 MB/sec 127104 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25056 Mtexels/sec 50000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12528 Mpixels/sec 20000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5) (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40 (x2)
Render Output Units 16 16 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit (x2)
Fab Process 40 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1170 million 956 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge)
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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GeForce GTS 450 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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