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Compare any two graphics cards:
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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce GT 430 (OEM)

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB uses a 80 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 650 MHz. The DDR2 memory works at a frequency of 400 MHz on this specific model. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the GeForce GT 430 (OEM), which uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 700 MHz. The GDDR3 memory is set to run at a frequency of 900 MHz on this particular card. It features 96 SPUs along with 16 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce GT 430 (OEM) 60 Watts
Difference: 20 Watts (50%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GT 430 (OEM), in theory, should be quite a bit faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general. (explain)

GeForce GT 430 (OEM) 28800 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 22400 (350%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 430 (OEM) will be quite a bit (more or less 115%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GT 430 (OEM) 11200 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6000 (115%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GT 430 (OEM) will be a small bit (approximately 8%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB, and also able to handle higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GT 430 (OEM) 2800 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 200 (8%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce GT 430 (OEM)

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce GT 430 (OEM)
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 October 2010
Code Name G86 GF108
Fab Process 80 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16
Memory 512 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 700 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz 1400 MHz
Memory Speed 800 MHz 1800 MHz
Unified Shaders 16 96
Texture Mapping Units 8 16
Render Output Units 4 4
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR3
Bus Width 64-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 60 watts
Shader Model 4.0 5.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 28800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 11200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 2800 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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