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Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB features a GPU core speed of 625 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR3 memory is set to run at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which comes with a core clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 250 Watts
Difference: 60 Watts (32%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be 2% faster than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB overall, due to its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 127104 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
Difference: 2304 (2%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be a lot (approximately 25%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 50000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 10000 (25%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB will be quite a bit (about 25%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and should be capable of handling higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB 20000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Amazon.com

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Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

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Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 7, 2008 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name R700 RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB (x2) 2048 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz (x2) 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz (x2) 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 127104 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 50000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20000 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 40
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 956 million 959 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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