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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB has a GPU core clock speed of 625 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR3 RAM runs at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 800(160x5) Stream Processors, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which comes with a core clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 250 Watts
Difference: 60 Watts (32%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should theoretically be a little bit faster than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 127104 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
Difference: 2304 (2%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should be much (about 25%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 50000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 10000 (25%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB will be a lot (approximately 25%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 20000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

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Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 7, 2008 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name R700 RV790 XT
Memory 512 MB (x2) 2048 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz (x2) 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz (x2) 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 127104 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 50000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20000 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 40
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 956 million 959 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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