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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB vs Radeon HD 5830

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 memory runs at a frequency of 993 MHz on this card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 5830, which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 1000 MHz on this particular model. It features 1120(224x5) SPUs as well as 56 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5830 175 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 250 Watts
Difference: 75 Watts (43%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5830 is 1% faster than the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB overall, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 5830 128000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 127104 MB/sec
Difference: 896 (1%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB will be a little bit (about 12%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5830. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 50000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 44800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 5200 (12%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should be much (about 56%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 5830, and able to handle higher resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 20000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 12800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7200 (56%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

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Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB Radeon HD 5830
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 7, 2008 February 25, 2010
Code Name R700 Cypress LE
Memory 512 MB (x2) 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz (x2) 800 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz (x2) 4000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 127104 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 50000 Mtexels/sec 44800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20000 Mpixels/sec 12800 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 1120(224x5)
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 56
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Transistors 956 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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