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Radeon HD 4790 vs Radeon HD 4870 X2

Intro

The Radeon HD 4790 features core clock speeds of 600 MHz on the GPU, and 800 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 640(128x5) SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4870 X2, which comes with core speeds of 750 MHz on the GPU, and 900 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4870 X2, in theory, should perform a lot faster than the Radeon HD 4790 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 X2 230400 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4790 102400 MB/sec
Difference: 128000 (125%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4870 X2 is much (about 213%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 4790. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 X2 60000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 40800 (213%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4870 X2 is a better choice, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 X2 24000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 9600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 14400 (150%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4870 X2

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4790 Radeon HD 4870 X2
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year 2009 Aug 12, 2008
Code Name RV790 R700
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB (x2)
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 3200 MHz 3600 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) (Unknown) watts 350 watts
Bandwidth 102400 MB/sec 230400 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 60000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 9600 Mpixels/sec 24000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640(128x5) 800(160x5) (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40 (x2)
Render Output Units 16 16 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit (x2)
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 959 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge)
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4870 X2

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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