Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 has a clock frequency of 550 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 800 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 32 SPUs, 16 TAUs, and 8 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5450, which comes with GPU core speed of 650 MHz, and 512 MB of DDR3 RAM set to run at 800 MHz through a 64-bit bus. It also is comprised of 80(16x5) SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 ROPs.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 should theoretically be much faster than the Radeon HD 5450 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 is quite a bit (approximately 69%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.