Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 features a clock frequency of 550 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 800 MHz. It also features a 128-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It features 32 SPUs, 16 TAUs, and 8 ROPs.
Compare that to the Radeon HD 5450, which comes with clock speeds of 650 MHz on the GPU, and 800 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically speaking, the GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 is 100% faster than the Radeon HD 5450 overall, because of its higher data rate. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 will be quite a bit (about 69%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce 9500 GT 512MB GDDR3 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.