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Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Radeon HD 4870 X2 features core clock speeds of 750 MHz on the GPU, and 900 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5870, which has core speeds of 850 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 1600(320x5) SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Radeon HD 4870 X2 350 Watts
Difference: 162 Watts (86%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 4870 X2 should theoretically be quite a bit superior to the Radeon HD 5870 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 X2 230400 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 76800 (50%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 should be just a bit (more or less 13%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4870 X2. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4870 X2 60000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8000 (13%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 will be a bit (approximately 13%) better at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4870 X2, and also capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4870 X2 24000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 3200 (13%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4870 X2

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5870

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4870 X2 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Aug 12, 2008 September 23, 2009
Code Name R700 Cypress XT
Memory 1024 MB (x2) 1024 MB
Core Speed 750 MHz (x2) 850 MHz
Memory Speed 3600 MHz (x2) 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 350 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 230400 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 60000 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 24000 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 80
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Transistors 956 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in one second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Comments

2 Responses to “Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870”
HD4870x2, HD5770 Hawk & 8400GS LP - Page 4 says:

[...] Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870 – Performance Comparison Benchmarks @ Hardware Compare The 4870x2 Power la..... Free ups!! "Working on imperfect system that demands [...]

Adam says:

and what cpu/clock was used in this comparison? looks cpu bottle necked to me...

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