Compare any two graphics cards:
Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870
IntroThe Radeon HD 4870 X2 has a core clock speed of 750 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 900 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5870, which has a clock speed of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1200 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 1600(320x5) SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.
Battlefield Bad Company 2
Supreme Commander 2
Radeon HD 4870 X2 wins
(Based entirely on the benchmarks listed above)
When combining all game benchmark scores on this page together, the Radeon HD 4870 X2 wins overall, by 21 FPS. Please note that we do not have the results of every benchmark ever done for these cards, so the results may differ wildly in different games.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the Radeon HD 4870 X2 should be 50% faster than the Radeon HD 5870 overall, because of its higher bandwidth. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 5870 should be just a bit (approximately 13%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4870 X2. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is the winner, but not by far. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.