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Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870

Intro

The Radeon HD 4870 X2 comes with core clock speeds of 750 MHz on the GPU, and 900 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5870, which has a core clock frequency of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1200 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 1600(320x5) SPUs, 80 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Radeon HD 4870 X2 350 Watts
Difference: 162 Watts (86%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4870 X2 should theoretically be a lot faster than the Radeon HD 5870 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 X2 230400 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 76800 (50%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5870 will be just a bit (approximately 13%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 4870 X2. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4870 X2 60000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8000 (13%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is a better choice, but only just. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4870 X2 24000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 3200 (13%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4870 X2

Radeon HD 5870

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4870 X2 Radeon HD 5870
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Aug 12, 2008 September 23, 2009
Code Name R700 Cypress XT
Memory 1024 MB (x2) 1024 MB
Core Speed 750 MHz (x2) 850 MHz
Memory Speed 3600 MHz (x2) 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 350 watts 188 watts
Bandwidth 230400 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 60000 Mtexels/sec 68000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 24000 Mpixels/sec 27200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 1600(320x5)
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 80
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Transistors 956 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Radeon HD 4870 X2

Radeon HD 5870

Comments

2 Responses to “Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870”
HD4870x2, HD5770 Hawk & 8400GS LP - Page 4 says:

[...] Radeon HD 4870 X2 vs Radeon HD 5870 – Performance Comparison Benchmarks @ Hardware Compare The 4870x2 Power la..... Free ups!! "Working on imperfect system that demands [...]

Adam says:

and what cpu/clock was used in this comparison? looks cpu bottle necked to me...

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