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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs Radeon HD 5450

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB has a core clock speed of 650 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 400 MHz. It also features a 64-bit bus, and makes use of a 80 nm design. It is made up of 16 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5450, which comes with a core clock speed of 650 MHz and a DDR3 memory speed of 800 MHz. It also makes use of a 64-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It is made up of 80(16x5) SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5450 19 Watts
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
Difference: 21 Watts (111%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 5450 will be 100% quicker than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 5450 12800 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (100%)

Texel Rate

Both cards have exactly the same texel rate, so in theory they should perform equally good at at anisotropic filtering. (explain)

Pixel Rate

Both cards have exactly the same pixel fill rate, so theoretically they should perform equally good at at full screen anti-aliasing, and be able to handle the same screen resolutions. (explain)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5450

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB Radeon HD 5450
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2007 February 4, 2010
Code Name G86 Cedar PRO
Fab Process 80 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 650 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 800 MHz (1600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 80(16x5)
Texture Mapping Units 8 8
Render Output Units 4 4
Bus Type DDR2 DDR3
Bus Width 64-bit 64-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 19 watts
Shader Model 4.0 5.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 12800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 5200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 2600 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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