Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8400 GS 512MB comes with core speeds of 650 MHz on the GPU, and 400 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR2 RAM. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5450, which comes with a clock speed of 650 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 800 MHz. It also uses a 64-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 80(16x5) SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The Radeon HD 5450, in theory, should perform a lot faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general. (explain)
Texel RateBoth cards have exactly the same texel fill rate, so theoretically they should perform equally good at at anisotropic filtering. (explain)
Pixel RateBoth cards have the exact same pixel rate, so in theory they should perform equally good at at AA, and be able to handle the same resolutions. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.