Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8400 GS 512MB features a GPU core clock speed of 650 MHz, and the 512 MB of DDR2 RAM runs at 400 MHz through a 64-bit bus. It also is made up of 16 SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 ROPs.
Compare that to the Radeon HD 5450, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 650 MHz. The DDR3 memory works at a speed of 800 MHz on this specific card. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 5450 should in theory be much better than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB overall. (explain)
Texel RateBoth cards have the exact same texel fill rate, so theoretically they should perform equally good at at anisotropic filtering. (explain)
Pixel RateBoth cards have the exact same pixel rate, so theoretically they should perform equally good at at anti-aliasing, and be capable of handling the same screen resolutions. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.