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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs Radeon HD 5450

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB comes with a GPU core speed of 650 MHz, and the 512 MB of DDR2 RAM is set to run at 400 MHz through a 64-bit bus. It also is comprised of 16 SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5450, which features core clock speeds of 650 MHz on the GPU, and 800 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5450 19 Watts
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
Difference: 21 Watts (111%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5450 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 5450 12800 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (100%)

Texel Rate

Both cards have exactly the same texel rate, so in theory they should be equally good at at anisotropic filtering. (explain)

Pixel Rate

Both cards have the exact same pixel fill rate, so in theory they should perform equally good at at full screen anti-aliasing, and be able to handle the same resolutions. (explain)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5450

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB Radeon HD 5450
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2007 February 4, 2010
Code Name G86 Cedar PRO
Fab Process 80 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 650 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 800 MHz (1600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 80(16x5)
Texture Mapping Units 8 8
Render Output Units 4 4
Bus Type DDR2 DDR3
Bus Width 64-bit 64-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 19 watts
Shader Model 4.0 5.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 12800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 5200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 2600 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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