Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8500 GT vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8500 GT uses a 80 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 450 MHz. The DDR2 RAM runs at a frequency of 400 MHz on this particular card. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5450, which has a core clock frequency of 650 MHz and a DDR3 memory speed of 800 MHz. It also uses a 64-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 80(16x5) SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Both cards have the exact same memory bandwidth, so theoretically they should perform exactly the same. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 5450 should be much (about 44%) better at AF than the GeForce 8500 GT. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5450 is superior to the GeForce 8500 GT, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.