Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8500 GT vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8500 GT comes with a GPU core clock speed of 450 MHz, and the 512 MB of DDR2 memory is set to run at 400 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 16 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 ROPs.
Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5450, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 650 MHz. The DDR3 memory works at a frequency of 800 MHz on this particular card. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 TAUs and 4 ROPs.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Both cards have the exact same memory bandwidth, so in theory they should have the same performance. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 5450 will be much (approximately 44%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce 8500 GT. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5450 is a better choice, by far. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.