Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8600 GS (OEM) vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8600 GS (OEM) comes with a clock speed of 540 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 400 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 80 nm design. It features 32 SPUs, 16 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5450, which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 650 MHz. The DDR3 memory works at a speed of 800 MHz on this specific card. It features 80(16x5) SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Both cards have exactly the same bandwidth, so in theory they should have identical performance. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 8600 GS (OEM) will be much (more or less 66%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce 8600 GS (OEM) should be a lot (about 66%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5450, and capable of handling higher resolutions better. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.