Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8600 GT 256MB DDR2 vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe GeForce 8600 GT 256MB DDR2 has a clock speed of 540 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 400 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 80 nm design. It is comprised of 32 SPUs, 16 TAUs, and 8 Raster Operation Units.
Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5450, which features GPU core speed of 650 MHz, and 512 MB of DDR3 RAM set to run at 800 MHz through a 64-bit bus. It also is comprised of 80(16x5) SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 ROPs.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Both cards have the exact same memory bandwidth, so theoretically they should have identical performance. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 8600 GT 256MB DDR2 will be a lot (approximately 66%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5450. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce 8600 GT 256MB DDR2 is superior to the Radeon HD 5450, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.