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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce 9600 GT 1GB

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB comes with a core clock frequency of 650 MHz and a DDR2 memory frequency of 400 MHz. It also uses a 64-bit bus, and uses a 80 nm design. It features 16 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the GeForce 9600 GT 1GB, which makes use of a 65/55 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 650 MHz. The GDDR3 memory is set to run at a speed of 900 MHz on this model. It features 64 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce 9600 GT 1GB 95 Watts
Difference: 55 Watts (138%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the GeForce 9600 GT 1GB should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB overall. (explain)

GeForce 9600 GT 1GB 57600 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 51200 (800%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce 9600 GT 1GB should be a lot (more or less 300%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce 9600 GT 1GB 20800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 15600 (300%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce 9600 GT 1GB will be quite a bit (approximately 300%) better at FSAA than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce 9600 GT 1GB 10400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7800 (300%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce 9600 GT 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce 9600 GT 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 Feb 2008
Code Name G86 G94a/b
Fab Process 80 nm 65/55 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16 2.0
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 650 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz 1625 MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 900 MHz (1800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 64
Texture Mapping Units 8 32
Render Output Units 4 16
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR3
Bus Width 64-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 95 watts
Shader Model 4.0 4.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 57600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 20800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 10400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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